B.S. BiologyDiploma in BiologyM.S. BiologyM.S. MicrobiologyPH.D. BiologyPH.D. (By Research)
First Year Second Year
First Sem Second Sem First Sem Second Sem
Subject Title # of Units Subject Title # of Units Subject Title # of Units Subject Title # of Units
 Chem 16 (General Chemistry)  5  Bio 11 (Fundamentals of Biology I)  5 Bio 12 (Fundamentals of Biology II)  5 Bio 101 (Plant Morpho-Anatomy) 3
 Geol 11 (Principles of Geology)  Chem 26 (Analytical Chemistry) Bio 180 (Statistical Methods in Biology) Bio 102 (Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy) 5
 Math 17 (Algebra & Trigonometry)  Chem 26.1 (Analytical Chemistry Lab) Chem 31 (Elementary Organic Chemistry) 3 Chem 40 (Elementary Biochemistry) 3
 GE (AH) Eng 10 (College English)  Math 100 (Introduction to Calculus) Chem 31.1 (Elementary Organic Chemistry Lab) 2 Chem 40.1 (Elementary Biochemistry Lab) 2
GE (SSP) 3 GE (AH) 3 Physics 71 (Elementary Physics 1) 4 GE (AH) Comm 3 (Practical Speech Fundamentals) 3
PE (2) GE (SSP) Kas 1 (Kasaysayan ng Pilipinas at mga Institutong Pilipino) 3 Physics 71.1 (Elementary Physics 1 Lab) 1 GE (MST) STS (Science, Technology and Society) 3
NSTP (1.5) PE (2) GE (AH) 3 PE (2)
    NSTP (1.5) PE (2)     
 Total Credits 19   Total Credits 20    Total Credits  21 Total Credits 19
Third Year     Fourth Year 
First Sem  Second Sem  First Sem  Second Sem
Subject Title # of Units Subject Title # of Units Subject Title  # of Units Subject Title # of Units
Bio 120 (General Microbiology)  4 Bio 121 (Plant Physiology)* 4*  Bio 200a (Undergraduate Thesis I) 2 Bio 196 (Undergraduate Seminar) 1
Bio 140 (Fundamentals of Genetics) Bio 122 (Animal Physiology)* 4*  Biology Specialty Elective 3 Bio 200b (Undergraduate Thesis II)
Bio 150 (Fundamentals of Cell & Molecular Biology) Bio 123 (Fundamentals of Microbial Physiology)* 3*  Science Elective 3 PI 100 (The Life & Works of Jose Rizal)
Bio 191 (Systematics & Evolution) Bio 133 (Developmental Biology) Science Elective 3=5 Biology Specialty Elective
GE (AH) Fil 40 (Wika, Kultura at Lipunan) Bio 160 (Fundamentals of Ecology) GE (SSP) 3 Biology Specialty Elective 4-5
    GE (SSP) Philo 1 (Philosophical Analysis) GE (MST) 3  GE (SSP)  3
    *any two of three physiology courses          
Total Credits 20  Total Credits 20-21 Total Credits  17-19 Total Credits  16-17
Biology Electives Science Electives
Subject Title # of Units Subject Title # of Units
Bio 111 (Phycology) 4
Math 54 (Elementary Analysis II)
5
Bio 112 (Mycology) 4 Physics 72 (Elementary Physics II)
Bio 113 (Fundamentals of Virology) 3 Physics 72.1 (Elementary Physics II Laboratory)
Bio 114 (Mosses, Hepatics & Ferns) 4 MS 102 (The Marine Sciences)
Bio 115 (Taxonomy of Angiosperms) 3 FS 116 (Food Microbiology)
Bio 116 (Invertebrate Biology) 4    
Bio 117 (Vertebrate Biology) 4 Core Courses 97-98
Bio 118 (Insect Biology) 4 The Life & Works of Jose Rizal 3
Bio 119 (Fish Biology) 4 Biology Specialty Electives 10-11 
Bio 121 (Plant Physiology) 4 Science Electives 6-8 
Bio 122 (Animal Physiology) 4 General Education (AH) 15 
Bio 123 (Fundamentals of Microbial Physiology) 3 General Education (SSP) 15 
Bio 125 (Medical Microbiology) 3 General Education (MST)
Bio 134 (General Animal Histology) 3 Physical Education (8) 
Bio 141 (Fundamentals of Microbial Genetics) 3 National Service Training Program (3) 
 Bio 151 (Fundamentals of Immunobiology) 4    
Bio 161 (Field Biology) 5    
Bio 162 (Limnology) 4    
Bio 163 (Fundamentals of Microbial Ecology) 3    
Bio 164 (Biodiversity & Conservation Biology) 3    
Bio 165 (Biogeography) 3    
Bio 170 (Animal Behavior) 3    
Bio 171 (General Parasitology) 4    

 

Admission Requirements:

At least 15 units of college biological sciences
At least 10 units of college chemistry including general, organic, and biochemistry

Curriculum
Subject Title # of Units
Bio 120 (General Microbiology) 4
Bio 121 (Plant Physiology)* 4*
Bio 122 (Animal Physiology)* 4*
Bio 123 (Fundamentals of Microbial Physiology)* 3*
Bio 133 (Developmental Biology) 5
Bio 140 (Fundamentals of Genetics) 5
Bio 150 (Fundamentals of Cell & Molecular Biology) 5
Bio 160 (Fundamentals of Ecology) 5
Bio 191 (Systematics & Evolution) 3
*any two of three physiology courses
Total Required Credits: 34-35
Curriculum Cell & Molecular Biology Electives Developmental Biology Electives
Subject Title # of Units Subject Title # of Units Subject Title # of Units
Bio 220 (Chemical Physiology)* 3 Bio 241 (Advanced Molecular Genetics) 3 Bio 241 (Advanced Molecular Genetics) 3
Bio 230 (Differentiation in Embryonic Systems)* 3 Bio 251 (Advanced Immunobiology)* 3 Bio 281 (Experimental Design & Statistical Analysis) 3
Bio 240 (Advanced Genetics)* 3 Microbio 212 (Ultrastructure of Microorganisms) 3 Plant Developmental Biology:
Bio 250 (Advanced Cell & Molecular Biology)* 3 Microbio 271 (Protozoology)* 3 Bio 221 (Advanced Plant Physiology)* 3
Bio 260 (Advanced Ecology)* 3 MBB 221 (Advances in Cell & Tissue Culture)* 3 Bio 232 (Advances in Plant Developmental Biology)* 3
Bio 296 (Seminar) 1 Chem 240 (Advanced Biochemistry) 3 Bio 234 (Developmental Morphology of Vascular Plants) 3
Bio 299 (Research in Biology) 2 Chem 241 (Lipids & Related Systems) 3
Bio 300 (M.S. Thesis) 6 Chem 242 (Carbohydrates & Related Systems) 3 Animal Developmental Biology:
Special Elective 3 Chem 243 (Nucleic Acids) 3 Bio 222 (Advanced Animal Physiology)* 3
Special Elective 3 Chem 244 (Proteins) 3 Bio 233 (Advances in Animal Developmental Biology)* 3
Special Elective 3 Chem 245 (Enzymes) 3 Bio 251 (Advanced Immunobiology)* 3
Total Required Credits: 33 Chem 247 (Molecular Biochemistry) 3
Ecology & Taxonomy Electives Genetics Electives Physiology Electives
Subject Title # of Units Subject Title # of Units Subject Title # of Units
Bio 210 (Advanced Systematics) 3 Bio 241 (Advanced Molecular Genetics) 3 Bio 241 (Advanced Molecular Genetics) 3
Bio 262 (Freshwater Ecology) 3 Bio 242 (Cytogenetics) 3 Bio 224 (Stress Physiology)* 3
Bio 263 (Terrestrial Ecology) 3 Bio 243 (Population Genetics) 3 Bio 281 (Experimental Design & Statistical Analysis) 3
Bio 265 (Advanced Biogeography) 3 Bio 281 (Experimental Design & Statistical Analysis) 3 Chem 240 (Advanced Biochemistry) 3
Bio 271 (Advanced Parasitology)* 3 Bio 244 (Evolutionary Genetics) 3
Plant Physiology:
Bio 244 (Evolutionary Genetics) 3 Microbio 241 (Advanced Microbial Genetics) 3 Bio 221 (Advanced Plant Physiology)* 3
Microbio 271 (Protozoology) 3 MBB 241 (Advances in Genetic Engineering) 3 Bio 232 (Advances in Plant Developmental Biology)* 3
MS 250 (Marine Ecology) 3 Chem 243 (Nucleic Acids) 3
Chem 245 (Enzymes) 3 Animal Physiology:
Chem 247 (Molecular Biochemistry) 3 Bio 222 (Advanced Animal Physiology)* 3
Bio 233 (Advances in Animal Developmental Biology)* 3
Bio 251 (Advanced Immunobiology)* 3

* Students must have taken the following prerequisite courses or equivalent prior to enrolling in the corresponding graduate core courses:

Bio 121 (Plant Physiology with lab) is prerequisite for Bio 220, Bio 221, and Bio 224

Bio 122 (Animal Physiology with lab) is prerequisite for Bio 220 and Bio 222, and Bio 224

Bio 133 (Developmental Biology with lab) is prerequisite for Bio 230, Bio 232, Bio 233

Bio 140 (Fundamentals of Genetics with lab) is prerequisite for Bio 240

Bio 150 (Fundamentals of Cell & Molecular Biology with lab) is prerequisite for Bio 250, Bio 251, MBB 221

Bio 160 (Fundamentals of Ecology with lab) is prerequisite for Bio 260

The following prerequisite courses are only required for elective courses: 

Bio 120 (Fundamentals of Ecology with lab) is prerequisite for Bio 251

Bio 171 (General Parasitology with lab) is prerequisite for Bio 271 and Microbio 271

Students who are interested in applying for stipends and research assistant positions, please refer to the Student Resource Page.

Curriculum Elective
Subject Title # of Units Subject Title # of Units
Bio 250 (Advanced Cell and Molecular Biology)
3 Bio 241 (Advanced Molecular Genetics) 3
Microbio 211 (Microbial Systematics) 3 Physics 72 (Elementary Physics II) 3
Microbio 221 (Advanced Microbial Physiology) 3 Bio 251 (Advanced Immunobiology) 3
Microbio 241 (Advanced Microbial Genetics) 3 Microbio 212 (Ultrastructure of Microorganisms) 3
Microbio 261 (Advanced Microbial Ecology) 3 Microbio 251 (Microbial Pathogenesis) 3
Microbio 296 (Seminar) 1 Microbio 262 (Soil Microbiology) 3
Microbio 299 (Research in Microbiology) 2 Microbio 271 (Protozoology) 3
Microbio 300 (Thesis) 6 Microbio 281 (Industrial Microbiology) 3
Elective 3 MBB 215 (Biology of Viruses) 3
Elective 3 MBB 280 (Advances in Microbial Biotechnology) 3
Elective 3 MS 242 (Marine Microbiology) 3
MS 261 (Physiology of Marine Algae) 3
Total Required Credits: 33 FS 216 (Advanced Food Microbiology) 3
FS 236 (Industrial Food Fermentation) 3
FS 326 (Low Temperature Microbiology) 3
Curriculum
for students with only a B.S. degree specializing in Cell Biology, Developmental Biology, Ecology & Taxonomy, Genetics, or Physiology
Curriculum
for students with only a B.S. degree specializing in Microbiology
Curriculum
for students with an M.S. degree specializing in Cell Biology, Developmental Biology, Ecology & Taxonomy, Genetics, or Physiology
Curriculum
for students with an M.S. degree specializing in Microbiology
 Subject Title # of Units  Subject Title # of Units Subject Title # of Units Subject Title # of Units
Bio 220 (Chemical Physiology) 3 Microbio 211 (Microbial Systematics) 3 Bio 220 (Chemical Physiology) 3 Microbio 211 (Microbial Systematics) 3
Bio 230 (Differentiation in Embryonic Systems) 3 Microbio 221 (Advanced Microbial Physiology) 3 Bio 230 (Differentiation in Embryonic Systems) 3 Microbio 221 (Advanced Microbial Physiology) 3
Bio 240 (Advanced Genetics) 3 Microbio 241 (Advanced Microbial Genetics) 3 Bio 240 (Advanced Genetics) 3 Microbio 241 (Advanced Microbial Genetics) 3
Bio 250 (Advanced Cell & Molecular Biology) 3 Microbio 261 (Advanced Microbial Ecology) 3 Bio 250 (Advanced Cell & Molecular Biology) 3 Microbio 261 (Advanced Microbial Ecology) 3
Bio 260 (Advanced Ecology) 3 Bio 250 (Advanced Cell and Molecular Biology) 3 Bio 260 (Advanced Ecology) 3 Bio 250 (Advanced Cell and Molecular Biology) 3
Bio 296 (Seminar) 1 Bio 296 (Seminar) 1 Bio 296 (Seminar) 1 Bio 296 (Seminar) 1
Bio 400 (Ph.D. Dissertation) 12 Bio 400 (Ph.D. Dissertation) 12 Bio 400 (Ph.D. Dissertation) 12 Bio 400 (Ph.D. Dissertation) 12
Specialty Elective 3 Microbiology Elective 3 Specialty Elective 3 Microbiology Elective 3
Specialty Elective 3 Microbiology Elective 3 Specialty Elective 3 Microbiology Elective 3
Specialty Elective 3 Microbiology Elective 3 Specialty Elective 3 Microbiology Elective 3
Specialty Elective 3 Microbiology Elective 3 Specialty Elective 3 Microbiology Elective 3
Specialty Elective 3 Microbiology Elective 3 Bio 399 (Independent Doctoral Research in Biology) 2 Bio 399 (Independent Doctoral Research in Biology) 2
Bio 399 (Independent Doctoral Research in Biology) 2 Bio 399 (Independent Doctoral Research in Biology) 2 Research Elective 2 Research Elective 2
Research Elective 2 Research Elective 2 Research Elective 2 Research Elective 2
Research Elective 2 Research Elective 2 Free Elective 3 Free Elective 3
Free Elective 3 Free Elective 3 Free Elective 3 Free Elective 3
Free Elective 3 Free Elective 3
Free Elective 3 Free Elective 3
Total Required Credits: 58 Total Required Credits: 58 Total Required Credits: 37 Total Required Credits: 37
Cell & Molecular Biology Electives Developmental Biology Electives Ecology & Taxonomy Electives
Subject Title # of Units Subject Title # of Units Subject Title # of Units
Cell & Molecular Biology Electives
Bio 241 (Advanced Molecular Genetics)
3 Bio 241 (Advanced Molecular Genetics) 3 Bio 210 (Advanced Systematics) 3
Bio 251 (Advanced Immunobiology) 3 Bio 281 (Experimental Design & Statistical Analysis) 3 Bio 262 (Freshwater Ecology) 3
Bio 397 (Current Topics in Biology) 2 Bio 397 (Current Topics in Biology) 2 Bio 263 (Terrestrial Ecology) 3
Bio 399 (Indepentdent Doctoral Research in Biology) 2 Bio 399 (Indepentdent Doctoral Research in Biology) 2 Bio 265 (Advanced Biogeography) 3
Microbio 212 (Ultrastructure of Microorganisms) 3 Plant Developmental Biology: Bio 271 (Advanced Parasitology) 3
Microbio 271 (Protozoology) 3 Bio 221 (Advanced Plant Physiology) 3 Bio 244 (Evolutionary Genetics) 3
MBB 221 (Advances in Cell & Tissue Culture) 3
Bio 232 (Advances in Plant Developmental Biology)
3 Bio 397 (Current Topics in Biology) 2
Chem 240 (Advanced Biochemistry) 3 Bio 234 (Developmental Morphology of Vascular Plants) 3 Bio 399 (Indepentdent Doctoral Research in Biology) 2
Chem 241 (Lipids & Related Systems) 3 Microbio 271 (Protozoology) 3
Chem 242 (Carbohydrates & Related Systems) 3 Animal Developmental Biology MS 250 (Marine Ecology) 3
Chem 243 (Nucleic Acids) 3 Bio 222 (Advanced Animal Physiology) 3
Chem 244 (Proteins) 3 Bio 233 (Advances in Animal Developmental Biology) 3
Chem 245 (Enzymes) 3 Bio 251 (Advanced Immunobiology) 3
Chem 247 (Molecular Biochemistry) 3
Genetics Electives  Microbiology Electives  Physiology Electives 
 Subject Title  # of Units Subject Title  # of Units  Subject Title   # of Units
Bio 241 (Advanced Molecular Genetics) 3 Bio 241 (Advanced Molecular Genetics) 3 Bio 241 (Advanced Molecular Genetics) 3
Bio 242 (Cytogenetics) 3 Bio 251 (Advanced Immunobiology) 3 Bio 224 (Stress Physiology) 3
Bio 243 (Population Genetics) 3 Bio 397 (Current Topics in Biology) 2 Bio 281 (Experimental Design & Statistical Analysis) 3
Bio 281 (Experimental Design & Statistical Analysis) 3 Bio 399 (Indepentdent Doctoral Research in Biology) 2 Bio 397 (Current Topics in Biology) 2
Bio 244 (Evolutionary Genetics) 3 Microbio 212 (Ultrastructure of Microorganisms) 3 Bio 399 (Indepentdent Doctoral Research in Biology) 2
Bio 397 (Current Topics in Biology) 2 Microbio 251 (Microbial Pathogenesis) 3 Chem 240 (Advanced Biochemistry) 3
Bio 399 (Indepentdent Doctoral Research in Biology) 2 Microbio 262 (Soil Microbiology) 3 Plant Physiology:
Microbio 241 (Advanced Microbial Genetics) 3 Microbio 271 (Protozoology) 3 Bio 221 (Advanced Plant Physiology) 3
MBB 241 (Advances in Genetic Engineering) 3 Microbio 281 (Industrial Microbiology) 3 Bio 232 (Advances in Plant Developmental Biology) 3
Chem 243 (Nucleic Acids) 3 MBB 215 (Biology of Viruses) 3
Chem 245 (Enzymes) 3 MBB 280 (Advances in Microbial Biotechnology) 3 Animal Physiology:
Chem 247 (Molecular Biochemistry) 3 MS 242 (Marine Microbiology) 3 Bio 222 (Advanced Animal Physiology) 3
MS 261 (Physiology of Marine Algae) 3 Bio 233 (Advances in Animal Developmental Biology) 3
FS 216 (Advanced Food Microbiology) 3 Bio 251 (Advanced Immunobiology 3
FS 236 (Industrial Food Fermentation) 3
FS 326 (Low Temperature Microbiology) 3

 

Ph.D. BIOLOGY (by RESEARCH) IMPLEMENTING RULES AND REGULATIONS
(Approved by the Institute of Biology Graduate Committee on 22 May 2014, Revised on 15 November 2014,2 June 2015, and 5 October 2015)

I. Admission Requirements*

A. A graduate of one of the following:

1. M.S. degree in the Biological Sciences or related fields from a recognized institution of higher learning with at least 24 units of graduate courses with a thesis requirement (proof of thesis required), or
2. MS degree in other fields not covered in I.A.1from a recognized institution of higher learning with research track record, or
3. M.D. or D.V.M. from a recognized institution of higher learning with research track record.

B. Acceptance by a faculty member of the Institute of Biology as a prospective dissertation advisee. The acceptance will be based on a submitted research proposal that have been consulted with and approved by the faculty who will act as the prospective Dissertation Adviser.

C. GWA of 1.75 or better in the M.S., M.D., or D.V.M. program.

D. At least one article, published within the last five (5) years, in a highly reputable journal (e.g., Scopus- or Thomson Reuters indexed) in which the applicant is the primary author.

E. Passing an English Proficiency Test as per University Policy for foreign applicants whose medium of instruction in the previous degree programs is not English.
Note: Prescribed tests are TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) and IELTS (International English Language Testing System).

F. Passing a placement examination to be administered by the Graduate Committee of the Institute of Biology. The placement examination is as follows:

1. For those who meet the requirements of I.A.1., oral presentation and acceptance of a research proposal to be evaluated by at least one member from each of the following areas: Cell Biology, Ecology and Taxonomy, Developmental Biology, Genetics, Microbiology, and Physiology.
2. For those who meet the requirements of I.A.2. and I.A.3., the placement examination will be in two parts:
2.1. The comprehensive essay-type written examination will be based on the specialization that the student intends to take.**
2.2. An oral presentation and acceptance of the research proposal submitted by the applicant.
*Those who are already enrolled in the regular Ph.D. Biology (Option 1) program may shift to Option 3 provided they satisfy all admission requirements.
**If an applicant fails, he/she may re-apply.

G. Passing the interview process of the Graduate Committee of the Institute of Biology.

II. Graduation Requirements

A. Completion of twenty six (26) units of Program of Study consisting of 8 units of Biology 395 (Advanced Studies in Biology) for four
(4) units each to be taken two times, Biology 397 (Current Topics in Biology) for three (3) units; Biology 296 or Microbiology 296 (Graduate Seminar)
to be enrolled three times for a total of three (3) units; and twelve (12) units of Biology 400 (Ph.D. Dissertation).

B. Passing the oral presentation of the Dissertation Proposal.

C. Submission of a progress report approved by the Dissertation Adviser and Reader at the end of each semester if enrolled in Biology 400.

D. Presenting a Colloquium as prescribed by the Graduate Program of the College of Science.

E. Passing the oral presentation and defense of the Dissertation.

F. Submission and acceptance of at least two (2) papers from the Dissertation Research in a highly reputable journal (e.g., Scopus- or Thomson Reuters indexed) in which the student is the primary author.

G. Oral presentation in an international conference within three (3) years of the program or a national scientific conference within two (2) years of the program.

H. Submission of bound manuscript as prescribed by the College of Science as well as a digital copy of said approved manuscript; and

I. Maximum residency of five (5) years. Maximum residency rules of the University shall apply.

III. Course Requirements
A. Biology 296 or Microbiology 296 (Graduate Seminar) to be taken three (3) times for a total of three (3) units;

B. Biology 397 (Current Topics in Biology) for three (3) units

C. Biology 395 (Advanced Studies in Biology) to be taken two (2) times for a total of eight (8) units; and

D. Biology 400 (Ph.D. Dissertation) for a total of 12 units.

IV. Program Administration

A. A potential Dissertation Adviser from the Institute of Biology should already be identified upon acceptance into the Program.

B. The deliverable of each Biology 395 to be enrolled is the submission of a paper related to the Dissertation Research in a highly reputable journal (e.g., Scopus- or Thomson Reuters indexed).

C. Teaching load credit for Biology 395 is one (1) unit for at most every five (5) students.

D. The dissertation should be based at the Institute of Biology; sandwich programs are therefore discouraged. If there is an opportunity to do
research outside the Institute or the University, then work done for this opportunity should not exceed 30% of the Ph.D. research output.
Short-term research work done outside the Institute or University will be allowed only to augment Ph.D. output.

E. Each student will be appointed a Program Committee or Dissertation Committee headed by the Dissertation Adviser who should be a regular
faculty member of the Institute and who will directly supervise the student. The Committee will be composed of three (3) members who will be appointed
by the Graduate Committee: the Adviser and two members. Members of the Committee could be as follows:

1. one (1) Adviser and two (2) Readers; or
2. one (1)Adviser, one (1) Co-Adviser (external), and one (1) Reader (internal)

The Committee Members shall be assigned at an early stage of the Program as they will guide/supervise the direction of the research that will be
undertaken by the student. At a later stage when the student has successfully delivered his/her colloquium and is deemed ready to defend his/her dissertation,
two (2) Examiners (at least one external) will be assigned by the Graduate Committee. The two Examiners will join the Dissertation Committee and together they w
ill constitute the Doctoral Dissertation Panel.

F. All other guidelines set in the Revised Guidelines for Graduate Programs of the College of Science (as approved by the College of Science Graduate Faculty Council on 11 August 2004 and revised on 26 January 2015) shall apply.