Ernelea P. Cao, Ph.D.

Professor 12 | Deputy Executive Director, Philippine Genome Center
Genetics Academic Group (GAG) Head
Ph.D. Biology, University of the Philippines Diliman, 1992


Biology 1 (Contemporary Topics in Biology)
Biology 11 (Fundamentals of Biology 1)
Biology 140 (Fundamentals of Genetics)
Biology 150 (Fundamentals of Cell and Molecular Biology)
Biology 196 (Undergraduate Seminar)
Biology 240 (Advanced Genetics)
Microbiology 241 (Advanced Microbial Genetics)
Biology 296 (Graduate Seminar)


The Plant Genetics and Cyanobacterial Biotechnology Laboratory focuses on the use of molecular and morphological markers in plants to study traits of agronomic and taxonomic importance, as well as the use of cyanobacteria for biotechnological applications.


Daisy May C. Santos (Ph.D. Biology student)
Teresita A. Batanes (M.S. Biology student)
Julian Chris F. Galvez (M.S. Biology student)
Angelo Joshua A. Victoria (M.S. Biology student)



(11) Cao EP, Constantino-Santos DM, Ramos LAP, Santos BS, Quilang JP, and Mojica RM. 2014.  Molecular and morphological differentiation among Coffea (Rubiaceae) varieties grown in the farms of Cavite Province, Philippines. Philippine Science Letters 7(2): 387–397.


(10) Chong SML, Constantino-Santos DM, and Cao EP. 2014. Pollen morphometrics of four coffee (Coffea sp.) varieties grown in the Philippines. Philippine Journal of Crop Science 39(3): 1-7.




(7) Quilang JP, Santos BS, Ong PS, Basiao ZU, Fontanilla IKC, and Cao EP. 2011. DNA barcoding of the Philippine endemic freshwater sardine Sardinella tawilis (Clupeidae) and its marine relatives. The Philippine Agricultural Scientist 94(3): 248–257.


(6) Guzman RMS, Gervasio RNR, Fontanilla IKC, and Cao EP. 2010. Frequency distribution of blood groups ABO, MN and Rh factor in Philippine cosmopolitan, regional, and the national populations. Science Diliman 21 (2): 43–49.


(5) Jalandoni-Buan AC, Decena-Soliven ALA, Cao EP, Barraquio VL, and Barraquio WL. 2010. Characterization and identification of congo red decolorizing bacteria from monocultures and consortia. Philippine Journal of Science 139 (1): 71-78.


(4) De Guzman MC, and Cao EP. 2010. Cadmium binding ability of the blue-green alga Hapalosiphon welwitschii Năgel under controlled conditions. Philippine Science Letters 3 (1): 76–86.


(3) Jalandoni-Buan AC, Decena-Soliven ALA, Cao EP, Barraquio VL, and Barraquio WL. 2009. Congo red decolorizing activity under microcosm and decolorization of other dyes by congo red decolorizing bacteria. Philippine Journal of Science 138 (2): 125-132.


(2) Quilang JP, de Guzman MC, de Hitta-Catalan MH, Rubio RO, Jacinto SD, Santiago EC, and Cao EP.  2008.  Effects of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) on root meristem cells of common onion (Allium cepa L.) and on early life stages of zebrafish (Danio rerio).  Philippine Journal of Science 137(2): 141-151.


(1) Quilang J.P., Basiao ZU, Pagulayan RC, Roderos RR, and Cao EP. 2008. Low isozyme variation in native and transplanted populations of the endemic Philippine silver perch, Leiopotherapon plumbeus (Kner, 1864) from three lakes in the Philippines. The Philippine Agricultural Scientist 91(1): 367-371.